- Ordinance of William the Conqueror (1072).
- Laws of William the Conqueror (c. 1066).
- Constitutions of Clarendon (1164).
- Assize of Clarendon (1166).
- Magna Carta (1215).
- De Legibus Et Consuetudinibus Angliæ (c. 1235).
- Summa Theologica (1265-1273).
- Marco Polo’s Travels (c. 1300).
- The First Manual of Parliamentary Procedure (c. 1350).
- The Declaration of Arbroath (1320).
15th & 16th Century Works
- Malleus Maleficarum (1486).
- Journal, C. Columbus (1492).
- Epistola De Insulis Nuper Inventis, C. Columbus (1493).
- Letter to the King and Queen of Spain, C. Columbus (1494).
- King Henry VII’s Commission to John Cabot (1497).
- The Prince, Machiavelli (1513).
- Temporal Authority: To What Extent it Should Be Obeyed, Luther (1523).
- The Bondage of the Will, Luther (1524).
- The Act of Supremacy, Henry VIII (1534).
- Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin (1540).
- The Journey of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza De Vaca (1542).
- From The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies, Copernicus (1543).
- The Council of Trent (1545).
- A Short Treatise on Political Power, John Ponet, D.D. (1556).
The list is a work in progress and will be continuously updated. Recommendations for the future inclusion of works is welcome.
In Japan sometime around the month of march, 2017, a employee named Takada from a Japanese company called Mind – which specializes in the removal of indelicate material (such as sex toys or sexually explicit manga) from the abodes of the freshly deceased – recounted to American scream-sheets a most peculiar tale. During one of Takada’s cleaning missions he had encountered the body of a single, 50 year old man named Joji whom had died of a heart attack whilst alone in his two-bedroom apartment. Joji was found lying in six metric tons of pornographic magazines which he had assiduously collected and stored in piles, overflowing in labyrinthine sprawl, all about his tiny house. He had laid there for more than a month; the room, filled with the noxious odor of decaying flesh, his selfsame flesh purple-green and liquefied. His eyeballs running from his sockets.
No one had noticed.
Joji’s peculiar and depressing death is part of a increasingly problematic trend of middle-aged to elderly individuals dying without notice in their homes, or else-wise secluded places, and there remaining for weeks, months or even longer. The problem has reached such a critical threshold of commonality that the Japanese have even given it a name.
The word roughly translates into English as, “Persons who [have] lived alone, die alone.” The primary causes for ghastly and seemingly ever increasing malady have been a source of much speculation and theorizing with the general consensus being due to social alienation. Japan has recently undergone demographic shift that has placed more elderly folk home alone than ever before without anyone to look after them and with the transformation of the traditional Japanese family, young people are no longer particularly keen to stay with their parents or grandparents and look after them – there are jobs and careers to be gotten into (a mindset, largely imported from America). This family breakdown and increase in the focus on endless careerism has also created another huge social problem for Japan: suicide.
Japan currently ranks 26th (as of 2015) in total world suicide rates as aggregated by the WHO (World Health Organization), trailing Hungary and ahead of Togo (Togolese Republic). In 2014 alone it was estimated that around 70 nationals killed themselves every single day with the vast majority being men (males are highly over-represented in suicide, both in Japan and across the world).
Whilst Americans might find all of this, perhaps, grotesquely interesting they will likely fail to see the parallels to their own society. As was shown in my first installment in this series, America is far from being untouched by the vexing scourge of social deprivation. Just as a point of demonstration, whilst Japan ranks 26th in the world suicide index, The United States of America ranks 48th (as of 2015). Whilst this is significantly less suicides than Japan one should keep in mind that the WHO surveyed, aggregated and indexed 107 different countries; 48 out of 107 is nothing to brag home about. Nor is the United States exempt from the other strange and often harmful aberrations created by social deprivation which we shall examine in finer detail in part 3.
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